Period of British history encompassing Queen Victoria's reign
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In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period, and its later half overlaps with the first part of the Belle Époque era of Continental Europe. In terms of moral sensibilities and political reforms, this period began with the passage of the Reform Act 1832. There was a strong religious drive for higher moral standards led by the nonconformist churches, such as the Methodists, and the Evangelical wing of the established Church of England. Britain's relations with the other Great Powers were driven by the colonial antagonism of the Great Game with Russia, climaxing during the Crimean War; a Pax Britannica of international free trade was maintained by the country's naval and industrial supremacy. Britain embarked on global imperial expansion, particularly in Asia and Africa, which made the British Empire the largest empire in history. National self-confidence peaked.
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Victorian poet and priest Cardinal John Henry Newman made first British saint of modern ageNineteenth century churchman credited with two miracles
In pictures: Sheringham Snorkel Trail underwater reef caught on cameraThe Sheringham Snorkel Trail is formed on a disused Victorian sewage pipe.
Retired teacher's illegal taxidermy collection raided by police after toy wolf in Zoopla photos spark suspicionButterflies, an alligator head, mummified rat, ducklings and Victorian house cat among carcasses seized by officers
Alan Turing: The father of modern computing credited with saving millions of lives by cracking Nazi codesMaths genius killed himself at just 41 after being convicted under Victorian anti-homosexual laws – but will now be new face of £50 note
Ordnance Survey to rework estimated walking timesEstimated times for walking routes are based on a formula created by a Victorian mountaineer.