The Impeachment Process: Explained
The Impeachment Process: Explained.
Impeachment is the political process of removing a civil officer from office for reasons of “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.”.
It can be brought against even the highest officials, such as the President and Vice President.
The process begins in the U.S. House of Representatives, where a suggestion to impeach must be made and then authorized to proceed by the Speaker of the House.
From there, the speaker chooses to move the inquiry to either a House Judiciary Committee or a separate special committee.
The members of the chosen committee then investigate and vote on whether to proceed with articles of impeachment.
Approved articles are then voted on by the full House, with a majority vote in favor meaning that the House has officially impeached the president.
The case is then presented to the Senate for a trial, during which two-thirds of the majority would have to find the official guilty.
If found guilty, that official is then removed from his or her position in office.
In the history of the United States, no president has ever been officially removed from office as a result of impeachment.
Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton were both acquitted during their Senate trials.
And Richard Nixon resigned while the process was still being carried out in the House.